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For people in northern parts of India, especially the Sikhs, Baisakhi is a mega event - it is a religious festival, harvest festival and New Year's Day all rolled into one. In April, this day marks the beginning of the Hindu solar New Year. In fact, this day is celebrated all over the country as New Year day, under different names. For the Sikh community, Baisakhi has a very special meaning. It was on this day that their tenth and last Guru - Guru Gobind Singh - organized the Sikhs into Khalsa or the 'pure ones'. By doing so, he eliminated the differences of high and low and established that all human beings are equal.

Sikhs assign quite a different meaning to Baisakhi, and if you happen to be in a Punjabi village to catch the men performing the wild bhangra dance, you'll get the clear picture. This strenuous dance tells the story of the agricultural process, from tilling the soil through harvesting. As the dholak (drum) changes beats, the dancing sequence progresses, dramatizing plowing, sowing, weeding, reaping, and finally celebrating. Baisakhi also commemorates the day in 1689 when Guru Gobing Singh founded the Khalsa, the fighting Sikh brotherhood that donned the distinctive Sikh outfits.

Sikhs visit temples, such as the Golden Temple in Amritsar, where the holy Granth is read, commemorating the day on which the Guru asked five volunteers to offer their lives, then took them one at a time into a tent. He emerged each time with a bloody sword, although he had in fact sacrificed a goat. In honor the "Beloved Five," a series of parades are held, in which sets of five men walk in front of the holy book with swords drawn. When the ceremony is over, a round of feasting, music-making, and dancing begins, amid the blossoming flowers and harvested grain.

Baisakhi has special significance for two of India's major religious groups. For the Hindus, it is the start of the New Year, and is celebrated with requisite bathing, partying, and worshipping. It's believed that thousands of years ago, Goddess Ganga descended to earth and in her honor, many Hindus gather along the sacred Ganges River for ritual baths. The action is centered in the holy cities along the Ganges in north India, or in Srinagar's Mughal Gardens, Jammu's Nagbani Temple, or anywhere in Tamil Nadu. Hindus plant poles (wrapped in flags of god-embroidered silk) in front of their homes, and hang pots of brass, copper or silver on top.

Children wear garlands of flowers and run through the streets singing "May the new year come again and again!" In Kerala, the festival is called 'Vishu'. It includes fireworks, shopping for new clothes and interesting displays called 'Vishu Kani'. These are arrangements of flowers, grains, fruits, cloth, gold, and money are viewed early in the morning, to ensure a year of prosperity. In Assam, the festival is called Bohag Bihu, and the community organizes massive feasts, music and dancing.


Story of Diwali

India, the land of rich cultural heritage, has one or the other festival for every month. It is the spiritual and religious richness in India that each festival is related to some or other deity. One of such festival is the 'festival of lights' - Deepawali. It is the glorious occasion that is not restricted to one day, but extended to a five-day celebration. All through these five days, people are in a festive mood. Adding to the festivity is the colorful display of lights. Like every other Hindu festival, stories from Mythology are associated with Diwali too. Given below is information on the celebrations of Diwali.

Stories & Legends of Deepavali

Return of Shri Ram To Ayodhyaa
The most famous legend behind the celebrations of Diwali is about the prince of Ayodhya Nagri - Lord Shri Ram. The king of Lanka, Ravana, kidnapped Ram's wife - Sita from the jungle, where they were staying as per the instructions of King Dashratha, father of Lord Ram. In order to freed Sita from Ravana's custody, Ram attacked him. This was followed by a war, in which, Ram defeated Ravan and released Sita from his custody. On the arrival of Lord Ram along with his wife Sita, people of Ayodhya decorated their homes as well as the city of Ayodhyaa by lighting tiny diyas all over, in order to welcome their beloved prince Shri Ram and Devi Sita.

Incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi
On the auspicious new moon day, which is 'Amavasyaa' of the Hindi month of Kartik, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity - Lakshmi was incarnated. She appeared during the churning of the ocean, which is known as 'Samudra Manthan', by the demons on one side and 'Devataas' (Gods) on the other side. Therefore, the worship of Goddess Lakshmi, the Lakshmi Pujan, on the day of Diwali, became a tradition.

Lord Krishna Destroyed Demon Narakasur
One famous story behind the celebrations of Diwali is about the demon king Narakasur, who was ruler of Pragjyotishpur, a province to the South of Nepal. After acquiring victory over Lord Indra during a war, Narakasur snatched away the magnificent earrings of Mother Goddess Aditi, who was not only the ruler of Suraloka, but also a relative of Lord Krishna's wife - Satyabhama. Narakasur also imprisoned sixteen thousand daughters of Gods and saints in his harem. With the support of Lord Krishna, Satyabhama defeated Narakasur, released all the women from his harem and restored the magnificent earrings of Mother Goddess Aditi.

The Return of The Pandavas
The great Hindu epic 'Mahabharata' has another interesting story related to the 'Kartik Amavasyaa'. According to the story, 'the Pandavas', the five brothers Yudhishthhira, Bhima, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahdeva, were sentenced to thirteen years exile as a result of their defeat against 'the Kauravas' - Duryodhana and his ninety nine brothers, at the game of dice. Therefore, the Pandavas spent thirteen years in the jungles and returned to their kingdom on the day of 'Kartik Amavasyaa'. On their return, the people of their kingdom welcomed the Pandavas by celebrating the event by lighting the earthen lamps all over in their city.

Coronation of King Vikramaditya

Another legend or story about Diwali celebrations relates to one of the greatest Hindu King - Vikramaditya. It was the day when he was coroneted and the people celebrated this event by lighting tiny earthen 'diyas'.

Lord krishna

Sri Krishna

Characteristics :

Strength, Beauty, Knowledge, Opulence

Other Names :

Kanhaiya, Gopal, Keshava, Kanha

Principal Scriptures :

Mahabharata, Bhagawad Gita, Vishnu Purana, Bhagavata Purana

Mula Mantra :

Om Kleem Krishnaya Namah

Krishna Gayatri Mantra:

Om Daamodharayae Vidmahee
Rukmani Vallabhaye Dheemahee
Tanno Krishna Prachodayaath

Consort :

Rukmini ji

Lord Krishna is one of the most popular and worshipped deities of the Hindu religion. Krishna is considered as the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu, the divine. Shri Krishna is the very embodiment of love and divine ecstasy that destroys all pain and offense. Lord Krishna took birth over five thousand years ago in Mathura, India to Devaki (Sister of Cruel Demon-King Kansa) and Vasudeva in the prison cell of the tyrant Kansa. The sage Narada had predicted that Kansa would be killed by his nephew, so the king killed Devaki's first six children. The Seventh, Balarama escaped and the eighth, Krishna was clandestinely exchanged for a cowherd's daughter.

A Great Lover - Krishna
Krishna was greatly attached to his foster mother, Yashoda. The lord had immense love for cows being nurtured in the cowherd's family. In his childhood, he was really fond of Makhan (butter) and there are many famous mischiefs regarding this love. Later Krishna loved to play flute and used to seduce the village girls. His favourite was Radha who is claimed as the love of Krishna. And this is one of the famous love stories of Hindu mythology. The Lord is usually remembered and worshipped as Radha-Krishna. The pair symbolizes the eternal love between people and god. Krishna is recognized as the god of Hasya or humor and a messenger of peace.


Sri Krishna is the naturally loving and sweet aspect of Vishnu, Lord of Srimati Radharani and center of the spiritual abode. Krishna is the defender of sacred utterances. Krishna is a trickster and lover, a mastermind of all forms of knowledge and born to set up the religion of love. He is also known for his bravery in destroying evil powers throughout his life.

Phrase from Bhagavad Gita

It is believed that the Supreme Lord comes down from time to time in this material world to reestablish the teachings of the Vedas. Lord Krishna promises in his Bhagawad Gita: "Whenever and wherever there is a decline in religious practice, O descendant of Bharata, and a predominant rise of irreligion--at that time I descend myself. To deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to reestablish the principles of religion, I myself appear millennium after millennium."

Krishna Aarti

Shri Krishna Aarti completes the worship or prayers made to the God. It is believed that aarti provides a completion to the puja .This arti of lord Krishna is also known as Janmashtami Aarti, which is usually sung on the birthday of Krishna.

Aaratii Yugala Kishora Kii Kiijai |
Tana Mana Dhana Sab Arpana Kiijai ||

Ravi Shashi Koti Vadana Kii Shobhaa |
Taahi Nirakha Meraa Mana Lobhaa ||

Gaura Shyaama Mukha Nikhrata Riijhai l
Prabhu Ko Ruupa Nayana Bhara Pijai ||

Kanchanna Thaala Kapuura Kii Baatii |
Hari Aaye Nirmala Bahii Chaatii ||.

Phuulana Kii Seja Phuulana Kii Maalaa |
Ratna Sinhaasana Baithe Nandalaalaa ||

Mora Mukuta Kara Muralii Sohai |
Natavara Vesha Dekha Mana Mohai ||

Anga Niila Piita Pata Saarii |
Kunja Bihaarii Giravaradhaarii ||

Shri Purushottama Girivara Dhaarii |
Aaratii Karata Sakala Nar Naarii ||

Nanda Nandana Vrushahaanu Kishorii |
Paramaananda Svaamii Avichala Jodii ||

Krishna Chalisa

Krishna Chalisa means a prayer of "forty verse", which praise and entreat Sri Krishna with devotion. They are recited over and over again to recall the virtues of Krishna, the Lord, in order to aid the disciple to meditate on good and righteous qualities.

ll Doha ll
Banshi Shobhit Kar Madhur,Neel Jalad Tanu Shyam l
Arun Adhar Janu Bimba Phal,Nayan Kamal Abhiraam ll
Puran Indu Arvind Mukha, Pitaambar Shubha Saaj l
Jai Manmohan Madan Chhavi,Krishnachandra Maharaj ll

ll Chaupai ll
Jai Yadunandan Jai Jagvandan, Jai Vasudev Devki Nandan
Jai Yashoda Sut Nanda Dulaare,Jai Prabhu Bhaktan Ke Rakhavaare

Jai Natanaagar Naag Nathaiyaa, Krishna Kanhaiya Dhenu Charaiya
Puni Nakh Par Prabhu Girivar Dhaaro,Aao Deenan Kasht Nivaaro

Bansi Madhur Adhar Dhari Teri, Hove Puran Manorath Meri
Aao Hari Puni Maakhan Chaakho, Aaj Laaj Bhaktan Ki Raakho

Gol Kapol Chibuk Arunaare,Mridul Muskaan Mohini Daare
Ranjit Raajiv Nayan Vishaalaa, Mor Mukut Vaijayanti Maalaa

Kundal Shravan Peetpat Aache, Kati Kinkini Kaachhan Kaachhe
Neel Jalaj Sundar Tanu Sohe,Chhavi Lakhi Sur Nar Muni Mana Mohe

Mastak Tilak Alak Ghunghraale, Aao Shyaam Bansuri Vaale
Kari Pai Paan, Putanaahin Taaryo, Akaa Bakaa Kaaga Sur Maaryo

Madhuvan Jalat Agni Jab Jvaala, Bhaye Sheetal ,Lakhitahin Nandalala
Surpati Jab Brij Chadhyo Risaai, Musar Dhaar Baari Barsaai

Lagat-Lagat Brij Chahan Bahaayo, Govardhan Nakhdhari Bachaayo.
Lakhi Yashodaa Man Bhram Adhikaai,Mukh Mahan Chaudah Bhuvan Dikhaai

Dusht Kansa Ati Udham Machaayo, Koti Kamal Kahan Phul Mangaayo.
Naathi Kaaliyahin Tab Tum Linhen, Charanchinh Dai Nirbhay Kinhe

Kari Gopin Sang Raas Vilaasa, Sab Ki Puran Kari Abhilashaa
Ketik Mahaa Asur Sanhaaryo, Kansahi Kesh Pakadi Dai Maaryo

Maatu Pitaa Ki Bandi Chhudaayi, Ugrasen Kahan Raaj Dilaayi
Mahi Se Mritak Chhaho Sut Laayo, Matu Devaki Shok Mitaayo

Bhomaasur Mura Daitya Sanhaari, Laaye Shatdash Sahas Kumaari
Dai Bhinhin Trincheer Sanhaara, Jaraasindhu Raakshas Kahan Maara

Asur Vrikaasur Aadik Maaryo, Bhaktan Ke Tab Kasht Nivaariyo
Deen Sudaamaa Ke Dukh Taaryo, Tandul Teen Muthi Mukh Daaryo

Prem Ke Saag Vidura Ghar Maange, Duryodhan Ke Mevaa Tyaage
Laakhi Premki Mahimaa Bhaari, Naumi Shyam Deenan Hitkaari

Maarath Ke Paarath Rath Haanke, Liye Chakra Kar Nahin Bal Thaake
Nij Gitaa Ke Gyaan Sunaaye, Bhaktan Hriday Sudhaa Barsaaye

Meera Thi Aisi Matvaali, Vish Pee Gayi Bajaakar Taali
Raanaa Bhejaa Saamp Pitaari, Shaaligraam Bane Banvaari

Nij Maayaa Tum Vidhihin Dikhaayo, Urate Sanshay Sakal Mitaayo
Tav Shat Nindaa Kari Tatkaalaa, Jivan Mukt Bhayo Shishupaalaa

Jabahin Draupadi Ter Lagaai, Deenanaath Laaj Ab Jaai
Asa Anaatha Ke Naath Kanhaiyaa, Dubat Bhanvar Bachaavat Naiyaa

Sundardaas Aas Ura Dhaari, Dayadrishti Keeje Banwaari
Naath Sakal Mam Kumati Nivaaro, Chhamobegi Apraadh Hamaaro

Kholo Pat Ab Darshan Deeje, Bolo Krishna Kanhaiya Ki Jai

ll Doha ll
Yah Chalisa Krishna Ka, Path Kare Ur Dhaari l l
Asht Siddhi Nav Niddhi Phal, Lahe Padaarath Chaari l

Different Names of Lord Krishna

Sri Krishna is one of the most lovable deities of the Hindu Religion. Lord Krishna is regarded as the eighth incarnation or avatar of Lord Vishnu. Krishna took birth in the Dwaparyuga, according to the Hindu Mythology. God Krishna is the personification of love and ecstasy that vanishes all pain and sin. Sri Krishna is often depicted as a cowherd's boy, who loves curd and butter. Lord Krishna is also associated with the Raas-Leela, in which he is always surrounded by the Gopis (Young cowherd girls). Krishna's immense love for Radha is immortal and the couple is usually remembered as Radha-Krishna. Sri Krishna is known by many different names. This list contains 108 names of Lord Krishna with their meanings:




Still Lord


Infallible Lord


Wonderful God


The Lord of the Lords


the Son of Aditi


One Who Is Limitless and Endless


the Conqueror of Life and Death


Indestructible Lord


One Who Is Sweet as Nectar


One Who Is the First Cause


Compassionate Lord


the Endless Lord


Ever Victorious Lord


One Who Has No Leader


One Who Cannot Be Obstructed


the Lord Who Cannot Be Defeated


One Who Is As Clear As Crystal


the Child Krishna, the All Attractive


the Lord of Strength


Four-Armed Lord


Granter of Boons


Repository of Compassion


the Compassionate Lord


the God of the Gods


Son of Mother Devaki


Lord of the Lords


the Lord OF Dharma


Lord of Dwarka


One Who Plays With the Cowherds, the Gopas


Lover of Cowherds


One who pleases the Cows and the Nature.


the Lord of Knowledge


the Lord of Nature


the All Powerful Creator


the Lord of All Senses


Preceptor of the Universe


Protector of All


Lord of the Universe


One Who Bestows Boons on One And All


Conqueror of All Enemies


the Resplendence of the Sun


the Lord of Goddess Lakshmi


the Lord with Lotus Shaped Eyes


Slayer of Kamsa


the Lotus-Eyed God


One Who Has Long, Black Matted Locks


Dark-Complexioned Lord


the Lord of Goddess Lakshmi


Lord of All the Three Lokas (Worlds)


the Lord of Love


Knowledge Filled God


Slayer of Demon Madhu


Lord of Indra


All Pleasing Lord


Beautiful Lord


the Lord Who Has A Peacock Feathered-Crest


All Attractive God


the Flute Playing Lord


One Who Holds the Flute


the Flute Playing God


the Son of Nand


the Refuge of Everyone


the Unblemished Lord


without Any Properties


One Who Has Hands like Lotus


the Lord Who Has a Lotus Shaped Navel


the Supreme Absolute Truth


Lord of All Beings


Supreme Personality


Charioteer of Partha - Arjuna


Lord of All Creatures


Supremely Pure


the Supreme Soul


One who's Eye Is the Sun


Thousand-Eyed Lord


One Who Vanquishes Thousands


Thousand-Footed Lord


All Witnessing Lord


the Eternal Lord


Omniscient Lord


Protector of All


Lord of All Gods


One Who Speaks Only the Truth


the Truth Dedicated Lord


Peaceful Lord


the Most Glorious Lord


Beautiful Lord


Dark-Complexioned Lord


Lord of the Beautiful Evenings


Handsome Lord


Intelligent Lord


Lord of All Demi-Gods


Lord of Heavens


Conqueror of All the Three Worlds


Brother of Indra


Lord of Vaikuntha, the Heavenly Abode


the Formless Lord


All Prevailing Lord


All Prevailing Lord


Skilfull and Efficient Lord


Creator of the Universe


Form of the Entire Universe


One Who Displays the Universal Form


Soul of the Universe


Lord of Dharma


King of the Yadav Clan


the Supreme Master


Lord of the Yogis